066: An Immense Box of Sand

Italian soldiers defending the Tripoli perimeter in 1911. Note the use of defensive trenches.

Spurred on by right-wing agitation at home, the government of Italy declares war on the Ottoman Empire to secure its claim to the province of Tripoli, known in our time as Libya.






Opening Theme

Overture to La Forza del Destino
Composed in 1862 by Giuseppe Verdi. Public domain.
Performed by the University of Chicago Orchestra, and used pursuant to a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0) license. Source.

Closing Theme

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5.

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