089: A Good Five-Cent Cigar

The U.S. $100,000 gold certificate, issued in 1934, with a portrait of Woodrow Wilson, honoring him for his role in creating the Federal Reserve System. This is the largest denomination of currency ever issued by the United States. Only a small number were printed. They were intended to move funds between Federal Reserve Banks, and were never available to the general public. In more modern times, when funds can be shifted electronically, bills such as this one have become obsolete.

 

President Wilson pushed a variety of important reforms through the 1913-14 Congress, including the Federal Reserve Act, making this one of the busiest Congresses in US History. As the Great War breaks out, the US remains neutral, but faces a financial crisis.

 Listen:

 
Download.

Transcript.

 


Playlist:
 
Fanfare

Opening War Theme

“Hello! My Baby”
Composed in 1899 by Joseph Howard and Ida Emerson. Public domain.

“On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away”
Composed in 1897 by Paul Dresser. Public domain.

“A Bird in a Gilded Cage”
Composed in 1899 by Arthur Lamb and Harry von Tilzer. Public domain.

Closing War Theme

 

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5.

088: The Miracle on the Marne

The front lines in September, 1914. The dotted red lines in the south show the farthest advance of the German right flank. The solid red line shows the German position after they fell back. The dotted red line running north from the right end of the German line shows the “Race to the Sea,” which we haven’t gotten to yet. The Western Front will remain stable along these lines for the next three and a half years.

 
The Germans make their final push to defeat France and end the war in the west, but they underestimate French and British resolve.
 

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Transcript.

 


Playlist:
 
Fanfare

Opening War Theme

Fantasie from Siegfried
Composed in 1876 by Richard Wagner. public domain.
Performed by the United States Marine Band. Public domain recording. Source.

Closing War Theme

 

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5.

087: The Cossacks Are Coming!

German medal commemorating “The Liberation of East Prussia.” It depicts a nude Paul von Hindenburg slaying a bear, symbolizing Russia.

 
In response to French pleas, Russia invades Germany in August 1914 in order to relieve the pressure on France.
 

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Transcript.

 


Playlist:
 
Fanfare

Opening War Theme

Prelude in C# Minor
Composed in 1892 by Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff. Public domain.
Performed by the composer. Public domain recording. Source.

Closing War Theme

 

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Photograph of the Hindenburg medallion by Wikimedia user Berlin-George and used pursuant to a Creative Commons CC BY-SA 3.0 license. Source. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5.

086: Paris Cannot Hold Out

Medal commemorating the entry of German troops into Paris in 1914.

 
The German invasion of France continues to unfold according to plan. The French counteroffensive has failed. The arrival of the British Expeditionary Force changed nothing, and now the British are also in retreat. Paris itself is no longer secure, and the French government has left the capital.
 

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Transcript.

 


Playlist:
 
Fanfare

Opening War Theme

“It’s a Long, Long Way to Tipperary”
Composed in 1912 by Jack Judge and Harry Williams. Public domain.
Public domain recording. In the alternative, it is asserted that the use of the recording here is fair use under copyright law. Source.

String Quartet in F Major
Composed in 1903 by Maurice Ravel. Public domain.
Performed by The Musicians from Marlboro and used pursuant to a Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 license. Source.

Closing War Theme

 

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5.

085: Serbien muß sterbien

Austrian political cartoon from 1914.

 
The Great War began as an Austrian effort to punish Serbia. It has grown into a much wider and more complex conflict, but the dispute between Austria and Serbia is still a part of it. This episode recounts the Austrian effort to defeat Serbia in the fall of 1914.
 

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Transcript.

 


Playlist:
 
Fanfare

Opening War Theme

Concerto Grosso in G minor (“Christmas Concerto”)
Composed c. 1690 by Arcangelo Corelli. Public domain.
Performed by the Advent Chamber Orchestra and used pursuant to a Creative Commons CC BY-SA 2.0 license. Source.

Cello Suite No. 5
Composed c. 1720 by Johann Sebastian Bach. Public domain.
Performed by Elias Goldstein and used pursuant to a Creative Commons CC BY-SA 2.0 license. Source.

Closing War Theme

 

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5.

084: So Much the Better

General Charles Lanrezac.

 
The French Army planned to respond to a German attack with a counteroffensive into Lorraine. When war came, the offensive was launched on August 21, 1914 and is known to history as the Battle of the Frontiers. The offensive was a failure, and when it ended, the French Army was everywhere in retreat.
 

Listen.

Download.

Transcript.

 


Playlist:
 
Fanfare

Opening War Theme

Danse macabre
Composed in 1874 by Camille Saint-Saëns. Public domain.
Performed by the University of Chicago Orchestra and used pursuant to a Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 license. Source.

Closing War Theme

 

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5.

083: The Flight of the Goeben

SMS Goeben.

 
The sudden outbreak of the Great War found a German battlecruiser, SMS Goeben, alone in the Mediterranean except for the light cruiser, SMS Breslau. But these two ships would give the Entente navies no end of grief.
 

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Transcript.

 


Playlist:
 
Fanfare

Opening War Theme

The Sorcerer’s Apprentice
Composed in 1897 by Paul Dukas. Public domain.
Public domain recording. Source.

Egmont Overture
Composed in 1810 by Ludwig van Beethoven. Public domain.
Performed by the Czech National Symphony Orchestra. Public domain recording. Source.

Closing War Theme

 

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5. Photograph from the German Federal Archive used pursuant to a Creative Commons CC-BY-SA 3.0 license.

082: No, Whatever the Consequences

Punch Magazine’s take on Belgian resistance to the German offensive, published in August 1914.

 
The first military action of the war was the German offensive against France, which began with invasions of Luxembourg and Belgium. The Belgians surprised everyone with the ferocity of their resistance.
 

Listen.

Download.

Transcript.

 


Playlist:
 
Fanfare

Opening WarTheme

Fantasie fromSiegfried
Composed in 1876 by Richard Wagner. Public domain.
Performed by the United States Marine Band. Public domain recording. Source.

Closing War Theme

 

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5.

081: Offense to the Utmost

French Commander-in-Chief General Joseph Jacques Césaire “Papa” Joffre

 
A look at pre-war planning by the French, British, and Austrian militaries.
 

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Download.

Transcript.

 


Playlist:
 
Fanfare

Opening Theme

Élégie
Composed in 1880 by Gabriel Fauré. Public domain.
Performed by Hans Goldstein. Used pursuant to a Creative Commons CC BY-SA 3.0 license. Source.

“Who Can from Joy Refrain?”
Composed in 1689 by Henry Purcell. Public domain.
Performed by Michel Rondeau. Used pursuant to a Creative Commons CC BY-NC 3.0 license. Source.

Symphony No. 1 in C minor
Composed in 1876 by Johannes Brahms. Public domain.
Performed by the Czech National Symphony Orchestra. Public domain recording. Source.

Closing Theme

 

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5.

Reminder

There will be no new episode this week. The next episode will be released on July 10.

In the meantime, listener Liam has posted his own performance of the theme music to The History of the Twentieth Century, so go check it out here.