093: The Twenty-One Demands

Japanese field gun position during the siege of Qingdao.

 

Japan was allied with Britain, and eagerly entered the Great War soon after it began. Helping out your ally is nice, but also the Germans had some colonial possessions in the western Pacific.

Listen:

 

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Transcript.

 


Playlist:

Fanfare

Opening War Theme

“Kimigayo” (The national anthem of Japan)
Traditional. Public domain.
Performed by the United States Navy Band. Public domain recording. Source.

“Spring Blossoms on a Moonlit River”
Traditional. Public domain.

Closing War Theme

 

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5.

092: Home Before the Leaves Fall

The front lines in 1914. The dotted red lines in the south show the farthest advance of the German right flank. The solid red line shows the German position after they fell back. The dotted red line running north from the right end of the German line shows the “Race to the Sea.” The Western Front will remain stable along these lines for the next three and a half years.

 

The failure of Germany’s offensive in the West leads to a static front line that will not change very much for the next three and a half years. Military leaders on both sides considered what to do next.

Listen.

Download.

Transcript.

 


Playlist:

Fanfare

Opening War Theme

Coriolan Overture
Composed in 1807 by Ludwig van Beethoven. Public domain.
Public domain recording. Source.

Closing War Theme

 

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5.

091: The Luxury Navy

German illustration depicting the sinkings of HMS Aboukir, HMS Hogue, and HMS Cressy by U-9 in September 1914.

 

Germany heavily invested in its Navy in the two decades prior to the Great War. In this episode, we see what all that investment bought.

Listen:

 

Download.

Transcript.

 


Playlist:

Fanfare

Opening War Theme

The Hebrides
Composed in 1830 by Felix Mendelssohn. Public domain.
Performed by the Czech National Symphony Orchestra. Public domain recording. Source.

Closing War Theme

 

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5.

090: I Will See It Through

This Central Powers propaganda piece from 1914 depicts the Russian Emperor in Jewish garb, ironically appealing to “my beloved Jews” to “remember the kindnesses that the House of Romanov has shown you,” as crimes against Jews are committed all around him.

 

The Great War began as a confrontation between Austria and Russia. As we have seen, it quickly developed into much more. But for the Austrians, the main dispute is still against Serbia, and against Russia for supporting her. The Austrians began this confrontation as an effort to prove Austria was still a Great Power. Ironically, 1914 would prove exactly the opposite.

Listen:

 

Download.

Transcript.

 


Playlist:

Fanfare

Opening War Theme

“Entrance of the Gladiators”
Composed in 1897 by Julius Fučík. Public domain.
Performed by the Eastern Wind Symphony, and used pursuant to a Creative Commons CC BY-NC 3.0 License. Source.

Closing War Theme

 

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5.

089: A Good Five-Cent Cigar

The U.S. $100,000 gold certificate, issued in 1934, with a portrait of Woodrow Wilson, honoring him for his role in creating the Federal Reserve System. This is the largest denomination of currency ever issued by the United States. Only a small number were printed. They were intended to move funds between Federal Reserve Banks, and were never available to the general public. In more modern times, when funds can be shifted electronically, bills such as this one have become obsolete.

 

President Wilson pushed a variety of important reforms through the 1913-14 Congress, including the Federal Reserve Act, making this one of the busiest Congresses in US History. As the Great War breaks out, the US remains neutral, but faces a financial crisis.

 Listen:

 
Download.

Transcript.

 


Playlist:
 
Fanfare

Opening War Theme

“Hello! My Baby”
Composed in 1899 by Joseph Howard and Ida Emerson. Public domain.

“On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away”
Composed in 1897 by Paul Dresser. Public domain.

“A Bird in a Gilded Cage”
Composed in 1899 by Arthur Lamb and Harry von Tilzer. Public domain.

Closing War Theme

 

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5.

088: The Miracle on the Marne

The front lines in September, 1914. The dotted red lines in the south show the farthest advance of the German right flank. The solid red line shows the German position after they fell back. The dotted red line running north from the right end of the German line shows the “Race to the Sea,” which we haven’t gotten to yet. The Western Front will remain stable along these lines for the next three and a half years.

 
The Germans make their final push to defeat France and end the war in the west, but they underestimate French and British resolve.
 

Listen.

Download.

Transcript.

 


Playlist:
 
Fanfare

Opening War Theme

Fantasie from Siegfried
Composed in 1876 by Richard Wagner. public domain.
Performed by the United States Marine Band. Public domain recording. Source.

Closing War Theme

 

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5.

087: The Cossacks Are Coming!

German medal commemorating “The Liberation of East Prussia.” It depicts a nude Paul von Hindenburg slaying a bear, symbolizing Russia.

 
In response to French pleas, Russia invades Germany in August 1914 in order to relieve the pressure on France.
 

Listen.

Download.

Transcript.

 


Playlist:
 
Fanfare

Opening War Theme

Prelude in C# Minor
Composed in 1892 by Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff. Public domain.
Performed by the composer. Public domain recording. Source.

Closing War Theme

 

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Photograph of the Hindenburg medallion by Wikimedia user Berlin-George and used pursuant to a Creative Commons CC BY-SA 3.0 license. Source. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5.

086: Paris Cannot Hold Out

Medal commemorating the entry of German troops into Paris in 1914.

 
The German invasion of France continues to unfold according to plan. The French counteroffensive has failed. The arrival of the British Expeditionary Force changed nothing, and now the British are also in retreat. Paris itself is no longer secure, and the French government has left the capital.
 

Listen.

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Transcript.

 


Playlist:
 
Fanfare

Opening War Theme

“It’s a Long, Long Way to Tipperary”
Composed in 1912 by Jack Judge and Harry Williams. Public domain.
Public domain recording. In the alternative, it is asserted that the use of the recording here is fair use under copyright law. Source.

String Quartet in F Major
Composed in 1903 by Maurice Ravel. Public domain.
Performed by The Musicians from Marlboro and used pursuant to a Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 license. Source.

Closing War Theme

 

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5.

085: Serbien muß sterbien

Austrian political cartoon from 1914.

 
The Great War began as an Austrian effort to punish Serbia. It has grown into a much wider and more complex conflict, but the dispute between Austria and Serbia is still a part of it. This episode recounts the Austrian effort to defeat Serbia in the fall of 1914.
 

Listen.

Download.

Transcript.

 


Playlist:
 
Fanfare

Opening War Theme

Concerto Grosso in G minor (“Christmas Concerto”)
Composed c. 1690 by Arcangelo Corelli. Public domain.
Performed by the Advent Chamber Orchestra and used pursuant to a Creative Commons CC BY-SA 2.0 license. Source.

Cello Suite No. 5
Composed c. 1720 by Johann Sebastian Bach. Public domain.
Performed by Elias Goldstein and used pursuant to a Creative Commons CC BY-SA 2.0 license. Source.

Closing War Theme

 

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5.

084: So Much the Better

General Charles Lanrezac.

 
The French Army planned to respond to a German attack with a counteroffensive into Lorraine. When war came, the offensive was launched on August 21, 1914 and is known to history as the Battle of the Frontiers. The offensive was a failure, and when it ended, the French Army was everywhere in retreat.
 

Listen.

Download.

Transcript.

 


Playlist:
 
Fanfare

Opening War Theme

Danse macabre
Composed in 1874 by Camille Saint-Saëns. Public domain.
Performed by the University of Chicago Orchestra and used pursuant to a Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 license. Source.

Closing War Theme

 

Except when otherwise indicated, the contents of this podcast are © and ℗ 2016, 2017 by Mark Painter, all rights reserved. Some music and sound effects used by arrangement with Pond 5.